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This section aims to offer knowledge about Jesus, the Gospels, and the whole New Testament and its environment. This knowledge is not directly related to the actualization of the Gospels, but is intended to provide additional information. Above all, it seeks to give a certain New Testament culture. In this sense, they are on the fringe of our discussion of the Gospel commentaries.

In priority, we will find references to what biblical scholars have written on subjects related to the life of Jesus or to passages from the New Testament. Usually, it is a detailed summary of their works: I wanted to avoid too technical debates, but at the same time to give the essence of their arguments. On a few occasions, it is the full text that I present; this will be indicated. In addition to the writings of specialists, I have inserted texts that are considered sources in the New Testament milieu or that help to understand it.

Those who have read the works mentioned will find either a reminder of the important points of their reading, or some clarification. Those who have not read them will find a quick way to get a glimpse of them. I hope to shed some light on a world that is two thousand years old.


Topics

Texts

Gospel actualization: method André Gilbert, What Does It Mean To Actualize the Gospels?

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Old Testament The Greek Book of Esther

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Atlas, maps Palestine in the time of Jesus

Topography of Palestine in the time of Jesus

The city of Jerusalem in the time of Jesus and the New Testament

The Babylonian Empire in the 6th century BC

The Persian Empire in the 5th century BC

ChristologyLorraine Caza, "The relief Mark gave to the cry of the cross" Science et Esprit, XXXIX / 2 (1987) 171-191.Detailed summary

Michel Gourgues, The crucified one. From scandal to exaltation, Montréal - Paris: Bellarmin - Desclée (Jésus et Jésus-Christ, 38), 1988, 178 p.

Detailed summary
Michel Gourgues, "Croce", in G. Ravasi, R. Penna, G. Perego (ed.), Dizionario dei Temi Teologici della Bibbia. Balsamo: Edizioni San Paolo, 2010, pp. 254-262.

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Biblical commentary and analysisRaymond E. Brown, The Death of the Messiah: From Gethsemane to the Grave: A Commentary on the Passion Narratives of the Four Gospels. 2 v. New York: Doubleday, 1994, 1608 p. Detailed Summary
André Gilbert, Analysis of a number of New Testament texts

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Intertestamentary, deuterocanonical and apocryphal writings1 Enoch

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1 Esdras

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Letter of Aristeas

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Odes of Solomon

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Prayer of Manasseh

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Psalm 151

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Psalms of Solomon

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3 Maccabees

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4 Maccabees

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Gospel according to LukeAndré Gilbert, "Where was Luke's gospel written?" Science et Esprit, XXXIX / 2 (1987) 211-228.

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GlossaryGlossary of a number of terms

Saint PaulAndré Gilbert, "What does it mean to be a community pastor? St. Paul's answer through his handling of the problem of pagan banquets: First epistle to the Corinthians, chapter 8."

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SpiritualityAn anthology of the writings of Etty Hillesum

Excerpts
Life of JesusJohn P. Meier, A Marginal Jew - Rethinking the Historical Jesus, Doubleday (The Anchor Bible Reference Library), New York, 1991-2009, 4 v.

Detailed summary