The adjective Ioudaios (Jewish) in the Gospels-Acts

(Translation from NRSV for the New Testament with a few modifications for a more litteral meaning)


2: 2asking, "Where is the child who has been born king of the Jews (Ioudaios)? For we observed his star at its rising, and have come to pay him homage."
27: 11Now Jesus stood before the governor; and the governor asked him, "Are you the King of the Jews (Ioudaios)?" Jesus said, "You say so."
27: 29and after twisting some thorns into a crown, they put it on his head. They put a reed in his right hand and knelt before him and mocked him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews (Ioudaios)!"
27: 37Over his head they put the charge against him, which read, "This is Jesus, the King of the Jews (Ioudaios)."
28: 15So they took the money and did as they were directed. And this story is still told among the Jews (Ioudaios) to this day.


7: 3(For the Pharisees, and all the Jews (Ioudaios), do not eat unless they thoroughly wash their hands, thus observing the tradition of the elders;
15: 2Pilate asked him, "Are you the King of the Jews (Ioudaios)?" He answered him, "You say so."
15: 9Then he answered them, "Do you want me to release for you the King of the Jews (Ioudaios)?"
15: 12Pilate spoke to them again, "Then what do you wish me to do with the man you call the King of the Jews (Ioudaios)?"
15: 18And they began saluting him, "Hail, King of the Jews (Ioudaios)!"
15: 26The inscription of the charge against him read, "The King of the Jews (Ioudaios)."


7: 3When he heard about Jesus, he sent some Jewish (Ioudaios) elders to him, asking him to come and heal his slave.
23: 3Then Pilate asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews (Ioudaios)?" He answered, "You say so."
23: 37and saying, "If you are the King of the Jews (Ioudaios), save yourself!"
23: 51had not agreed to their plan and action. He came from the Jewish (Ioudaios) town of Arimathea, and he was waiting expectantly for the kingdom of God.


1: 19This is the testimony given by John when the Jews (Ioudaios) sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, "Who are you?"
2: 6Now standing there were six stone water jars for the Jewish (Ioudaios) rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons.
2: 13The Passover of the Jews (Ioudaios) was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
2: 18The Jews (Ioudaios) then said to him, "What sign can you show us for doing this?"
2: 20The Jews (Ioudaios) then said, "This temple has been under construction for forty-six years, and will you raise it up in three days?"
3: 1Now there was a Pharisee named Nicodemus, a leader of the Jews (Ioudaios).
3: 25Now a discussion about purification arose between John's disciples and a Jew (Ioudaios).
4: 9The Samaritan woman said to him, "How is it that you, a Jew (Ioudaios), ask a drink of me, a woman of Samaria?" (Jews (Ioudaios) do not share things in common with Samaritans.)
4: 22You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews (Ioudaios).
5: 1After this there was a festival of the Jews (Ioudaios), and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
5: 10So the Jews (Ioudaios) said to the man who had been cured, "It is the sabbath; it is not lawful for you to carry your mat."
5: 15The man went away and told the Jews (Ioudaios) that it was Jesus who had made him well.
5: 16Therefore the Jews (Ioudaios) started persecuting Jesus, because he was doing such things on the sabbath.
5: 18For this reason the Jews (Ioudaios) were seeking all the more to kill him, because he was not only breaking the sabbath, but was also calling God his own Father, thereby making himself equal to God.
6: 4Now the Passover, the festival of the Jews (Ioudaios), was near.
6: 41Then the Jews (Ioudaios) began to complain about him because he said, "I am the bread that came down from heaven."
6: 52The Jews (Ioudaios) then disputed among themselves, saying, "How can this man give us his flesh to eat?"
7: 1After this Jesus went about in Galilee. He did not wish to go about in Judea because the Jews (Ioudaios) were looking for an opportunity to kill him.
7: 2Now the Jewish (Ioudaios) festival of Booths was near.
7: 11The Jews (Ioudaios) were looking for him at the festival and saying, "Where is he?"
7: 13Yet no one would speak openly about him for fear of the Jews (Ioudaios).
7: 15The Jews (Ioudaios) were astonished at it, saying, "How does this man have such learning, when he has never been taught?"
7: 35The Jews (Ioudaios) said to one another, "Where does this man intend to go that we will not find him? Does he intend to go to the Dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks?
8: 22Then the Jews (Ioudaios) said, "Is he going to kill himself? Is that what he means by saying, 'Where I am going, you cannot come'?"
8: 31Then Jesus said to the Jews (Ioudaios) who had believed in him, "If you continue in my word, you are truly my disciples;
8: 48The Jews (Ioudaios) answered him, "Are we not right in saying that you are a Samaritan and have a demon?"
8: 52The Jews (Ioudaios) said to him, "Now we know that you have a demon. Abraham died, and so did the prophets; yet you say, 'Whoever keeps my word will never taste death.'
8: 57Then the Jews (Ioudaios) said to him, "You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?"
9: 18The Jews (Ioudaios) did not believe that he had been blind and had received his sight until they called the parents of the man who had received his sight
9: 22His parents said this because they were afraid of the Jews (Ioudaios); for the Jews (Ioudaios) had already agreed that anyone who confessed Jesus to be the Messiah would be put out of the synagogue.
10: 19Again the Jews (Ioudaios) were divided because of these words.
10: 24So the Jews (Ioudaios) gathered around him and said to him, "How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Messiah, tell us plainly."
10: 31The Jews (Ioudaios) took up stones again to stone him.
10: 33The Jews (Ioudaios) answered, "It is not for a good work that we are going to stone you, but for blasphemy, because you, though only a human being, are making yourself God."
11: 8The disciples said to him, "Rabbi, the Jews (Ioudaios) were just now trying to stone you, and are you going there again?"
11: 19and many of the Jews (Ioudaios) had come to Martha and Mary to console them about their brother.
11: 31The Jews (Ioudaios) who were with her in the house, consoling her, saw Mary get up quickly and go out. They followed her because they thought that she was going to the tomb to weep there.
11: 33When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews (Ioudaios) who came with her also weeping, he was greatly disturbed in spirit and deeply moved.
11: 36So the Jews (Ioudaios) said, "See how he loved him!"
11: 45Many of the Jews (Ioudaios) therefore, who had come with Mary and had seen what Jesus did, believed in him.
11: 54Jesus therefore no longer walked about openly among the Jews (Ioudaios), but went from there to a town called Ephraim in the region near the wilderness; and he remained there with the disciples.
11: 55Now the Passover of the Jews (Ioudaios) was near, and many went up from the country to Jerusalem before the Passover to purify themselves.
12: 9When the great crowd of the Jews (Ioudaios) learned that he was there, they came not only because of Jesus but also to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.
12: 11since it was on account of him that many of the Jews (Ioudaios) were deserting and were believing in Jesus.
13: 33Little children, I am with you only a little longer. You will look for me; and as I said to the Jews (Ioudaios) so now I say to you, 'Where I am going, you cannot come.'
18: 12So the soldiers, their officer, and the Jewish (Ioudaios) police arrested Jesus and bound him.
18: 14Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews (Ioudaios) that it was better to have one person die for the people.
18: 20Jesus answered, "I have spoken openly to the world; I have always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all the Jews (Ioudaios) come together. I have said nothing in secret.
18: 31Pilate said to them, "Take him yourselves and judge him according to your law." The Jews (Ioudaios) replied, "We are not permitted to put anyone to death."
18: 33Then Pilate entered the headquarters again, summoned Jesus, and asked him, "Are you the King of the Jews (Ioudaios)?"
18: 35Pilate replied, "I am not a Jew (Ioudaios), am I? Your own nation and the chief priests have handed you over to me. What have you done?"
18: 36Jesus answered, "My kingdom is not from this world. If my kingdom were from this world, my followers would be fighting to keep me from being handed over to the Jews (Ioudaios). But as it is, my kingdom is not from here."
18: 38Pilate asked him, "What is truth?" After he had said this, he went out to the Jews (Ioudaios) again and told them, "I find no case against him.
18: 39But you have a custom that I release someone for you at the Passover. Do you want me to release for you the King of the Jews (Ioudaios)?"
19: 3They kept coming up to him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews (Ioudaios)!" and striking him on the face.
19: 7The Jews (Ioudaios) answered him, "We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has claimed to be the Son of God."
19: 12From then on Pilate tried to release him, but the Jews (Ioudaios) cried out, "If you release this man, you are no friend of the emperor. Everyone who claims to be a king sets himself against the emperor."
19: 14Now it was the day of Preparation for the Passover; and it was about noon. He said to the Jews (Ioudaios), "Here is your King!"
19: 19Pilate also had an inscription written and put on the cross. It read, "Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews (Ioudaios)."
19: 20Many of the Jews (Ioudaios) read this inscription, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, in Latin, and in Greek.
19: 21Then the chief priests of the Jews (Ioudaios) said to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King of the Jews (Ioudaios),' but, 'This man said, I am King of the Jews (Ioudaios).'"
19: 31Since it was the day of Preparation, the Jews (Ioudaios) did not want the bodies left on the cross during the sabbath, especially because that sabbath was a day of great solemnity. So they asked Pilate to have the legs of the crucified men broken and the bodies removed.
19: 38After these things, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, though a secret one because of his fear of the Jews (Ioudaios), asked Pilate to let him take away the body of Jesus. Pilate gave him permission; so he came and removed his body.
19: 40They took the body of Jesus and wrapped it with the spices in linen cloths, according to the burial custom of the Jews (Ioudaios).
19: 42And so, because it was the Jewish (Ioudaios) day of Preparation, and the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.
20: 19When it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and the doors of the house where the disciples had met were locked for fear of the Jews (Ioudaios), Jesus came and stood among them and said, "Peace be with you."


2: 5Now there were devout Jews (Ioudaios) from every nation under heaven living in Jerusalem.
2: 11both Jews (Ioudaios) and proselytes, Cretans and Arabs - in our own languages we hear them speaking about God's deeds of power."
2: 14But Peter, standing with the eleven, raised his voice and addressed them, "Jews (Ioudaios) men and all who live in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and listen to what I say.
9: 22Saul became increasingly more powerful and confounded the Jews (Ioudaios) who lived in Damascus by proving that Jesus was the Messiah.
9: 23After some time had passed, the Jews (Ioudaios) plotted to kill him,
10: 22They answered, "Cornelius, a centurion, an upright and God-fearing man, who is well spoken of by the whole Jewish (Ioudaios) nation, was directed by a holy angel to send for you to come to his house and to hear what you have to say."
10: 28and he said to them, "You yourselves know that it is unlawful for a Jew (Ioudaios) to associate with or to visit a Gentile; but God has shown me that I should not call anyone profane or unclean.
10: 39We are witnesses to all that he did both in the country of Jews (Ioudaios) and in Jerusalem. They put him to death by hanging him on a tree;
11: 19Now those who were scattered because of the persecution that took place over Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, and they spoke the word to no one except Jews (Ioudaios).
12: 3After he saw that it pleased the Jews (Ioudaios), he proceeded to arrest Peter also. (This was during the festival of Unleavened Bread.)
12: 11Then Peter came to himself and said, "Now I am sure that the Lord has sent his angel and rescued me from the hands of Herod and from all that the Jewish (Ioudaios) people were expecting."
13: 5When they arrived at Salamis, they proclaimed the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews (Ioudaios). And they had John also to assist them.
13: 6When they had gone through the whole island as far as Paphos, they met a certain magician, a Jewish (Ioudaios) false prophet, named Bar-Jesus.
13: 43When the meeting of the synagogue broke up, many Jews (Ioudaios) and devout converts to Judaism followed Paul and Barnabas, who spoke to them and urged them to continue in the grace of God.
13: 45But when the Jews (Ioudaios) saw the crowds, they were filled with jealousy; and blaspheming, they contradicted what was spoken by Paul.
13: 50But the Jews (Ioudaios) incited the devout women of high standing and the leading men of the city, and stirred up persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and drove them out of their region.
14: 1The same thing occurred in Iconium, where Paul and Barnabas went into the Jewish (Ioudaios) synagogue and spoke in such a way that a great number of both Jews (Ioudaios) and Greeks became believers.
14: 2But the unbelieving Jews (Ioudaios) stirred up the Gentiles and poisoned their minds against the brothers.
14: 4But the residents of the city were divided; some sided with the Jews (Ioudaios), and some with the apostles.
14: 5And when an attempt was made by both Gentiles and Jews (Ioudaios), with their rulers, to mistreat them and to stone them,
14: 19But Jews (Ioudaios) came there from Antioch and Iconium and won over the crowds. Then they stoned Paul and dragged him out of the city, supposing that he was dead.
16: 1Paul went on also to Derbe and to Lystra, where there was a disciple named Timothy, the son of a Jewish (Ioudaios) woman who was a believer; but his father was a Greek.
16: 3Paul wanted Timothy to accompany him; and he took him and had him circumcised because of the Jews (Ioudaios) who were in those places, for they all knew that his father was a Greek.
16: 20When they had brought them before the magistrates, they said, "These men are disturbing our city; they are Jews (Ioudaios)
17: 1After Paul and Silas had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews (Ioudaios).
17: 5But the Jews (Ioudaios) became jealous, and with the help of some ruffians in the marketplaces they formed a mob and set the city in an uproar. While they were searching for Paul and Silas to bring them out to the assembly, they attacked Jason's house.
17: 10That very night the believers sent Paul and Silas off to Beroea; and when they arrived, they went to the Jewish (Ioudaios) synagogue.
17: 13But when the Jews (Ioudaios) of Thessalonica learned that the word of God had been proclaimed by Paul in Beroea as well, they came there too, to stir up and incite the crowds.
17: 17So he argued in the synagogue with the Jews (Ioudaios) and the devout persons, and also in the marketplace every day with those who happened to be there.
18: 2There he found a Jew (Ioudaios) named Aquila, a native of Pontus, who had recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had ordered all Jews (Ioudaios) to leave Rome. Paul went to see them,
18: 4Every sabbath he would argue in the synagogue and would try to convince Jews (Ioudaios) and Greeks.
18: 5When Silas and Timothy arrived from Macedonia, Paul was occupied with proclaiming the word, testifying to the Jews (Ioudaios) that the Messiah was Jesus.
18: 12But when Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews (Ioudaios) made a united attack on Paul and brought him before the tribunal.
18: 14Just as Paul was about to speak, Gallio said to the Jews (Ioudaios), "If it were a matter of crime or serious villainy, I would be justified in accepting the complaint of you Jews (Ioudaios);
18: 19When they reached Ephesus, he left them there, but first he himself went into the synagogue and had a discussion with the Jews (Ioudaios).
18: 24Now there came to Ephesus a Jew (Ioudaios) named Apollos, a native of Alexandria. He was an eloquent man, well-versed in the scriptures.
18: 28for he powerfully refuted the Jews (Ioudaios) in public, showing by the scriptures that the Messiah is Jesus.
19: 10This continued for two years, so that all the residents of Asia, both Jews (Ioudaios) and Greeks, heard the word of the Lord.
19: 13Then some itinerant Jewish (Ioudaios) exorcists tried to use the name of the Lord Jesus over those who had evil spirits, saying, "I adjure you by the Jesus whom Paul proclaims."
19: 14Seven sons of a Jewish (Ioudaios) high priest named Sceva were doing this.
19: 17When this became known to all residents of Ephesus, both Jews (Ioudaios) and Greeks, everyone was awestruck; and the name of the Lord Jesus was praised.
19: 33Some of the crowd gave instructions to Alexander, whom the Jews (Ioudaios) had pushed forward. And Alexander motioned for silence and tried to make a defense before the people.
19: 34But when they recognized that he was a Jew (Ioudaios), for about two hours all of them shouted in unison, "Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!"
20: 3where he stayed for three months. He was about to set sail for Syria when a plot was made against him by the Jews (Ioudaios), and so he decided to return through Macedonia.
20: 19serving the Lord with all humility and with tears, enduring the trials that came to me through the plots of the Jews (Ioudaios).
20: 21as I testified to both Jews (Ioudaios) and Greeks about repentance toward God and faith toward our Lord Jesus.
21: 11He came to us and took Paul's belt, bound his own feet and hands with it, and said, "Thus says the Holy Spirit, 'This is the way the Jews (Ioudaios) in Jerusalem will bind the man who owns this belt and will hand him over to the Gentiles.'"
21: 20When they heard it, they praised God. Then they said to him, "You see, brother, how many thousands of believers there are among the Jews (Ioudaios), and they are all zealous for the law.
21: 21They have been told about you that you teach all the Jews (Ioudaios) living among the Gentiles to forsake Moses, and that you tell them not to circumcise their children or observe the customs.
21: 27When the seven days were almost completed, the Jews (Ioudaios) from Asia, who had seen him in the temple, stirred up the whole crowd. They seized him,
21: 39Paul replied, "I am a Jew (Ioudaios), from Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of an important city; I beg you, let me speak to the people."
22: 3"I am a Jew (Ioudaios), born in Tarsus in Cilicia, but brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, educated strictly according to our ancestral law, being zealous for God, just as all of you are today.
22: 12"A certain Ananias, who was a devout man according to the law and well spoken of by all the Jews (Ioudaios) living there,
22: 30Since he wanted to find out what Paul was being accused of by the Jews (Ioudaios), the next day he released him and ordered the chief priests and the entire council to meet. He brought Paul down and had him stand before them.
23: 12In the morning the Jews (Ioudaios) joined in a conspiracy and bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink until they had killed Paul.
23: 20He answered, "The Jews (Ioudaios) have agreed to ask you to bring Paul down to the council tomorrow, as though they were going to inquire more thoroughly into his case.
23: 27This man was seized by the Jews (Ioudaios) and was about to be killed by them, but when I had learned that he was a Roman citizen, I came with the guard and rescued him.
24: 5We have, in fact, found this man a pestilent fellow, an agitator among all the Jews (Ioudaios) throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes.
24: 9The Jews (Ioudaios) also joined in the charge by asserting that all this was true.
24: 19But there were some Jews (Ioudaios) from Asia - they ought to be here before you to make an accusation, if they have anything against me.
24: 24Some days later when Felix came with his wife Drusilla, who was Jewish (Ioudaios), he sent for Paul and heard him speak concerning faith in Christ Jesus.
24: 27After two years had passed, Felix was succeeded by Porcius Festus; and since he wanted to grant the Jews (Ioudaios) a favor, Felix left Paul in prison.
25: 2where the chief priests and the leaders of the Jews (Ioudaios) gave him a report against Paul. They appealed to him
25: 7When he arrived, the Jews (Ioudaios) who had gone down from Jerusalem surrounded him, bringing many serious charges against him, which they could not prove.
25: 8Paul said in his defense, "I have in no way committed an offense against the law of the Jews (Ioudaios), or against the temple, or against the emperor."
25: 9But Festus, wishing to do the Jews (Ioudaios) a favor, asked Paul, "Do you wish to go up to Jerusalem and be tried there before me on these charges?"
25: 10Paul said, "I am appealing to the emperor's tribunal; this is where I should be tried. I have done no wrong to the Jews (Ioudaios), as you very well know.
25: 15When I was in Jerusalem, the chief priests and the elders of the Jews (Ioudaios) informed me about him and asked for a sentence against him.
25: 24And Festus said, "King Agrippa and all here present with us, you see this man about whom the whole Jewish (Ioudaios) community petitioned me, both in Jerusalem and here, shouting that he ought not to live any longer.
26: 2"I consider myself fortunate that it is before you, King Agrippa, I am to make my defense today against all the accusations of the Jews (Ioudaios),
26: 3because you are especially familiar with all the customs and controversies of the Jews (Ioudaios); therefore I beg of you to listen to me patiently.
26: 4"All the Jews (Ioudaios) know my way of life from my youth, a life spent from the beginning among my own people and in Jerusalem.
26: 7a promise that our twelve tribes hope to attain, as they earnestly worship day and night. It is for this hope, your Excellency, that I am accused by Jews (Ioudaios)!
26: 21For this reason the Jews (Ioudaios) seized me in the temple and tried to kill me.
28: 17Three days later he called together the local leaders of the Jews (Ioudaios). When they had assembled, he said to them, "Brothers, though I had done nothing against our people or the customs of our ancestors, yet I was arrested in Jerusalem and handed over to the Romans.
28: 19But when the Jews (Ioudaios) objected, I was compelled to appeal to the emperor - even though I had no charge to bring against my nation.